What is chronic insomnia?
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is accompanied by a short or poor sleep, or a combination of both. No matter how many hours the patient sleeps. Each organism is individual, someone needs 6 hours to feel vigorous and full of energy, and someone doesn’t get enough sleep even in 8 hours.
The main insomnia symptoms are subjective feelings of insufficient or poor quality sleep. Another important sign is trouble falling asleep, early awakening or restless sleep in favorable conditions.
What causes insomnia?
There are several external causes of insomnia. It’s very likely that your sleep won’t be normal if you:
- stay awake at night — work or play in clubs.
- change time zones frequently.
- are fond of coffee, tea, alcoholic beverages.
- smoke, especially before bed.
- prefer to play sports late at night.
- watch horror movies regularly.
Sometimes insomnia occurs due to traumatic brain injury, drug abuse, such as tranquilizers or sedatives. Depending on the reason for your poor sleep our professionals will offer you the best possible insomnia treatment.
Regular problems with falling asleep, frequent or too early awakenings — if this situation occurs 3 times a week or more, it's time to consult a specialist. Insomnia has a lot of consequences, so if you notice the following signs — immediately contact the doctor:
- Constant sleepiness, irritability, fatigue during the day.
- The feeling that you are not getting enough sleep more often than having a good rest.
- Absent-mindedness, including in dealing with work issues, for no apparent external reason.
- Nightmares — perhaps the body is trying to signal problems with internal organs in this way.
Headaches in the morning, constant nervousness, sudden and unreasonable mood swings can be the consequences of insomnia, and in order to eliminate them, you first need to deal with the causes of insomnia.
Types of insomnia
Physiological causes of insomnia
Insomnia can have a variety of reasons, but they are all divided into two groups according to their nature: physiological and psychophysiological insomnia. The first one manifests itself through:
- Diseases accompanied by pain at night time.
- Disorders in the thyroid gland — there is even a special term "hormonal insomnia", it develops against the background of a failure in the production of hormones.
- Menopause in women.
- Diabetes mellitus — a decrease in blood sugar concentration triggers a defense mechanism.
- Apnea — stopping breathing during sleep.
- Other physiological causes are restless legs syndrome, which often develops during pregnancy, iron deficiency in the body and kidney failure, as well as difficulty breathing in bronchial asthma.
If there are no pathologies, and insomnia is present, the reasons may be psychological. For example, extreme anxiety, nervous tension, stress can permanently deprive sleep or make it intermittent ending up with insomnia treatment.
How to treat insomnia?
The first task of a sleep doctor in the treatment of insomnia is to identify the causes of the problem. To do this, the doctor performs a series of tests, including anamnesis, polysomnography, physical examination and analyses referring to other health groups. After that the specialist can prescribe taking several insomnia medication, regular physical exercise or a massage course.
Sleep disorders should be taken seriously, because they can indicate certain disorders in the body. A timely visit to a doctor allows you to identify the reason for insomnia and cope with it, which means that you can give yourself the opportunity to have a normal night's rest, recovery and well-being during the day.