What is a migraine?
Migraine is a neurological disorder that is accompanied by chronic headache attacks. The intensity and frequency of the attacks are examined. At the heart of the disease is angioedema. So what is the exact cause of what causes a migraine? It is impossible to determine the exact cause of the attacks. The role can be played by predisposition at the genetic level, meteorological dependence, susceptibility to external stimuli and other factors.
What are migraine causes?
The reasons may be different and not always obvious. Provoking factors can be:
- Narrowing of the lumen of arterioles, which leads to a violation of the blood supply to the brain.
- Malfunctions of the endocrine system.
- Heredity, predisposition to chronic hypertension.
- External stimuli — noise, vibration and others.
- Strong mental and emotional stress.
- In some cases, an attack can be triggered by certain foods (fish, cheese, nuts, and others).
The main symptom of migraine is a headache. The head hurts usually on one side, the nature of the pain is pulsating. Sensations intensify when moving, changing body position. The pain can always be in the same place or change location even within the same attack.
In addition to pain, signs of the migraine headaches are:
- Vomiting and nausea without relief.
- Change in sensitivity.
- Visual impairment.
- Impaired speech.
- Acute reaction to noise, sounds.
The listed symptoms occur before an attack and are a kind of its precursors. This phenomenon is called an aura.
Which doctor should you go to?
If signs of migraine appear, the patient should make an appointment with a neurologist. This specialist will help identify the cause of the pain and prescribe the appropriate migraine treatment. The patient himself can only suspect he has a disease. Often patients confuse migraines with symptoms of other illnesses. Self-medication can be harmful as the disease progresses and progresses to a more serious stage.
To make a diagnosis, the patient is examined and interviewed. An accurate diagnosis can be made only if the symptoms characteristic of migraine headaches are isolated from manifestations of other diseases with similar symptoms. As diagnostic measures, it is carried out: MRI, electroencephalography, and angiography.
How to treat a migraine?
Migraine pain cannot be relieved with conventional antispasmodics and analgesics. These drugs may only work early in the attack. To relieve severe pain, combined drugs are used, the components of which are capable of enhancing each other’s action. Mainly used:
- A combination of acetylsalicylic acid and caffeine.
- Serotonin receptor agonist drugs.
- Dehydration products.
- Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and antidepressants Prevention program.
Taking any drugs should be strictly dosed. Exceeding the prescribed dosage not only has a detrimental effect on the body and is life-threatening but also often increases the pain. Do not neglect migraine headaches treatment.
FAQ about Migraine
How do you make a migraine go away?
Choosing the right therapy will help relieve or relieve pain, and prevent frequent attacks. There are two basic options for what to do with migraine attacks.
- Treatment of an attack. First of all, analgesics are used, and if they are ineffective, triptans are used. Also, if necessary, use antiemetic drugs. The prescribed medicine is used at the very beginning of the attack — you should not endure the throbbing pain in the head until the last. However, it is also impossible to exceed the frequency and dose of medications.
- Prevention of an attack. If attacks are frequent, beta-blockers, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants are prescribed. They affect vascular tone and neuronal excitability.
To get rid of migraines, the following physiotherapeutic methods of exposure are successfully used: acupuncture, massage of the neck-collar zone and shoulder girdle, hydrotherapy, physiotherapy exercises, and diet.
What causes migraines in females?
Migraine is much more common in females than in men. Despite the fact that the exact reason for this gender difference is not fully understood, some experts suggest that the female sex hormone estrogen plays a certain role in the pathogenesis of this pathology. The thing is that migraines are sensitive to fluctuations in the level of female sex hormones. Before the onset of menstruation, the level of estrogen in the body drops sharply. This triggers the development of an attack. In girls, migraines usually start around puberty. Since there is a hereditary predisposition to the development of migraine, this disease is transmitted from generation to generation.
Is migraine curable?
So far, no drug has been created that could affect the alleged cause of migraine, that is, an imbalance in electrolytes (potassium, sodium and calcium) and a change in the electrical activity of the brain. But the mechanism of development of migraine involves the expansion of blood vessels, which can be affected. Experts do not give a 100% guarantee of getting rid of such headaches. However, after treatment, the frequency and strength of pain sensations decreases, which in turn makes it easier to transfer them.
Is coffee good for migraine?
It is impossible to say exactly yes or no. Caffeine can both improve and worsen the condition of people with headaches. In some cases, it can serve as a medicine, or vice versa, it can cause headaches to recover. Caffeine, as we remember, is found in soft drinks, sports cocktails, tea, and chocolate. As such, caffeine, which constricts the blood vessels, should serve as a medicine. Caffeine, as we remember, is found in soft drinks, sports cocktails, tea, and chocolate. It is believed that headache is often caused by vasodilation and increased blood flow. As such, caffeine, which constricts the blood vessels, should serve as a medicine. In addition, caffeine enhances the effectiveness of pain relievers. But abruptly avoiding caffeine can cause migraines to worsen. It is desirable to gradually reduce the dose of caffeine, but not dramatically.
What foods get rid of migraines?
The diet of a person who suffers from migraines should include: brown rice, buckwheat, oatmeal; dried fruits; oils (olive, corn oil, sunflower oil); sea fish; fresh anchovies; flaxseeds; green vegetables (cucumbers, broccoli); pears, green apples, peaches, cherries.
The following also have a beneficial effect on the body: raisins, sweet cottage cheese; cream cheese, feta cheese; boiled eggs; low-fat milk; beets, celery; vegetable stew; tomato juice, sour fruit drinks, and leaf tea.
In addition to a healthy diet, avoiding bad habits, playing sports, walking, and avoiding stress will help to overcome migraines.