What is a migraine?
Migraine is a neurological disorder that is accompanied by chronic headache attacks. The intensity and frequency of the attacks are examined. At the heart of the disease is angioedema. So what is the exact cause of what causes a migraine? It is impossible to determine the exact cause of the attacks. The role can be played by predisposition at the genetic level, meteorological dependence, susceptibility to external stimuli and other factors.
What are migraine causes?
The reasons may be different and not always obvious. Provoking factors can be:
- Narrowing of the lumen of arterioles, which leads to a violation of the blood supply to the brain.
- Malfunctions of the endocrine system.
- Heredity, predisposition to chronic hypertension.
- External stimuli — noise, vibration and others.
- Strong mental and emotional stress.
- In some cases, an attack can be triggered by certain foods (fish, cheese, nuts, and others).
The main symptom of migraine is a headache. The head hurts usually on one side, the nature of the pain is pulsating. Sensations intensify when moving, changing body position. The pain can always be in the same place or change location even within the same attack.
In addition to pain, signs of the migraine headaches are:
- Vomiting and nausea without relief.
- Change in sensitivity.
- Visual impairment.
- Impaired speech.
- Acute reaction to noise, sounds.
The listed symptoms occur before an attack and are a kind of its precursors. This phenomenon is called an aura.
Which doctor should you go to?
If signs of migraine appear, the patient should make an appointment with a neurologist. This specialist will help identify the cause of the pain and prescribe the appropriate migraine treatment. The patient himself can only suspect he has a disease. Often patients confuse migraines with symptoms of other illnesses. Self-medication can be harmful as the disease progresses and progresses to a more serious stage.
To make a diagnosis, the patient is examined and interviewed. An accurate diagnosis can be made only if the symptoms characteristic of migraine headaches are isolated from manifestations of other diseases with similar symptoms. As diagnostic measures, it is carried out: MRI, electroencephalography, and angiography.
How to treat a migraine?
Migraine pain cannot be relieved with conventional antispasmodics and analgesics. These drugs may only work early in the attack. To relieve severe pain, combined drugs are used, the components of which are capable of enhancing each other's action. Mainly used:
- A combination of acetylsalicylic acid and caffeine.
- Serotonin receptor agonist drugs.
- Dehydration products.
- Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and antidepressants Prevention program.
Taking any drugs should be strictly dosed. Exceeding the prescribed dosage not only has a detrimental effect on the body and is life-threatening but also often increases the pain. Do not neglect migraine headaches treatment.