A cramp is a sudden, involuntary, often accompanied by painful sensation contraction of a muscle that limits your flexibility and ability to easily move. Back and lower back pain, intercostal neuralgia, severe migraine attacks, limited movement, restriction in joint motion that provokes twitching, muscle stiffness and weakness, partial atrophy of muscle tissue, hair loss for no apparent reason are the symptoms of muscle spasms that signal about some disorders and serious medical underlying conditions.
Without adequate assistance from medical health care specialists and timely muscle spasms treatment some complications may occur, including radiculitis, various postural deformities, pinching of the arteries and blood vessel blockage, recurrent vertigo episodes and loss of consciousness, even your organ systems may stop functioning properly.
Among the triggers of muscle spasm, there are:
- Deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals, most often calcium or magnesium;
- A sedentary lifestyle or too intense emotional stress;
- Exhaustion and lack of sleep;
- Pregnancy and related changes in the female body;
- Taking certain medications;
- Various diseases, including diabetes mellitus, overweight, kidney diseases, motor neuron disease, pinched spinal nerve, stroke, cerebral palsy, brain injury, etc.
If you suffer due to frequent cramps, contact a neurologist who will find what are the causes of muscle spasms and suggest therapy for dealing with a treatable cause of the condition and relieving unpleasant painful sensations.
Accurate diagnosis is imperative for competent muscle spasms treatment
Self-diagnosing is possible if overexertion or intensive physical activity are the main triggers for muscular contraction. But in case if the episodes are severe and prolonged, there should be performed a number of tests to manage the condition efficiently to maximize muscle spasms treatment outcomes and get rid of extreme pain and intense suffering. Tests include a complete blood count to obtain information about the blood cells, fluorography is required to identify abnormalities in the chest organs, MRI is needed for detailed monitoring of the condition of the lumbar spine, the electrocardiogram is also may be needed if there is a suspicion that the cramps are caused by cardiac problems.
The main medical objective in the muscle spasms treatment of patients with acute pain is to reduce its severity and restore quality of life. To cease spasms and contraction, muscle relaxants are applied in order to manage your suffering and restore muscle mobility. Also, if the seizures were stimulated by some underlying health issues, therapy for the specific illness must eliminate the episodes of cramps. With the diagnosis of neurological issues, antispastics for treatment can be prescribed. For handling occasional cramps, antispasmodics are needed to suppress spasms. You must take the drugs exactly as your medical specialist suggests. Also, you must be aware of possible side effects of relaxants, such as drowsiness or giddiness, before starting medical therapy.
How can you prevent muscle cramps?
If you understand the key triggers and risks that lead to muscle issues, it would be possible to prevent their occurrence. Thus, avoid excessive physical exertion if you have twisted and enlarged veins (varicose veins). Replenish the fluid levels in case your body is dehydrated. Those who strive to combat night leg cramps must adjust their diet and include foods rich in potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
If you want to enhance the way you function and forget about cramps that interfere with daily activity, use the assistance of dependable medical specialists with a diligent attitude who can provide you with excellent care, empowering every patient to boost well-being and maintain great health.