Approximately 60% of children aged three to ten years old talk in their sleep. For most of them, this passes by the time of puberty, and only five percent of adults retain this feature throughout their lives. Talking in sleep is common and is rarely considered a medical problem. You can say long phrases, or you can shout something inaudible. For everyone, this phenomenon manifests itself in different ways.
What causes talking in sleep?
You can have a dream conversation every night, once a week, or after a hard day at work. There are several reasons why people are talking in sleep. Most often, people start talking during dreams, when they are depressed or anxious. A demanding lifestyle or daily pressure are also among the causes of talking in sleep.
- Medical experts believe that one of the main reasons for talking is lack of sleep. It can also negatively affect mood and weaken the immune system.
- Alcohol and drugs can also cause conversations during dreams.
- Another reason for talking in a dream is fever.
This is often inherited, but it happens that this habit does not go away with age. This is observed in 1-2% of people who started talking at an early age. In addition to the fact that this can lead to discomfort to others, this feature does not pose a problem.
But the situation when a person suddenly began talking in sleep in adulthood, while he did not do this in childhood, should be alarming. This is a sign of incipient degenerative brain changes. It can indicate:
- cerebrovascular insufficiency;
- cerebral atherosclerosis;
- the development of dementia;
- Alzheimer’s disease, or even a tumor.
In this situation, a person should consult a doctor and conduct an examination.
Can talking in sleep be controlled?
It is necessary to distinguish conversations in a dream from the pronunciation of individual sounds. In the process of talking in the sleep, a person pronounces whole, even short, words or phrases, that is, he uses the speech center. A disorder in which a person makes individual sounds in a dream does not belong to higher nervous activity, it occurs due to the tension of the glottis.
Talking in sleep is usually harmless. This can only happen at some point in your life and often goes away without specific treatment. The danger appears when nocturnal chatter becomes one of the symptoms of other disorders:
- REM (rapid eye movements);
- sleep apnea (stopping breathing);
- night terrors.
If your sleep conversations get out of control, you feel exhausted during the workday, and ask yourself ‘Why do I talk in my sleep?’, seek help from a sleep specialist (neurologist).
In order to accurately establish the reason that provoked sleep-speaking, the doctor will conduct special monitoring of the patient for several weeks — a special diary is started, in which information is entered on medications taken by a person, drinks consumed immediately before bedtime, and evening physical activity. Also, a specialist will be able to suggest methods by which you can understand what talking in your sleep means and how to get a calm and healthy sleep.